WORLD

EXPLAINER: Effects of EU Russia oil ban, Moscow’s response

THE HAGUE, Netherlands( AP) — The European Union has agreed to slash Russian oil painting significances in a tough escalation of the bloc’s crusade of warrants to discipline Moscow for its irruption of Ukraine. It’s a corner decision that will hit Russian resources in the long term, but could also hurt consumers across the European mainland.

The move agreed late Monday at an EU leaders ’ peak in Brussels comes amid soaring energy prices in Europe and could spark further rises, particularly latterly this time as nations contend for natural gas inventories to heat homes and fire diligence, judges say.
Just hours beforeU.S. requests opened Wednesday, standardU.S. crude had climbed$1.25 to$115.92 per barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

Judges say that amid high oil painting prices, the warrants are doubtful to hit Russia hard soon, but they deprive Moscow of one of its most important guests for oil painting — probably for a long time to come.
WHAT HAS THE EU DONE?

European Union leaders agreed to cut Russian oil painting significances by about 90 over the coming six months, a dramatic move that was considered unbelievable just months agone . The 27- country bloc relies on Russia for 25 of its oil painting.

The ban applies to all Russian oil painting delivered by ocean. It contains a temporary impunity for oil painting delivered by the Russian Druzhba channel to certain landlocked countries in Central Europe. Germany and Poland have agreed to stop using oil painting from the northern branch of the channel.
Russian oil painting delivered by ocean accounts for two- thirds of the EU’s oil painting significances from Moscow.

WHAT ABOUT GAS?
Russia has the world’s largest natural gas reserves and is the biggest global exporter, according to the International Energy Agency.

But do n’t anticipate the 27- nation bloc’s leaders to subscribe off on a ban on Russian gas significances any time soon. The bloc significances 40 of its gas — used for everything from generating electricity to heating homes — from Russia, and chancing indispensable inventories is tougher than for oil painting.
“ Russian oil painting is much easier to compensate. gas is fully different, which is why a gas proscription won’t be an issue in the coming warrants package, ” said Austria’s Chancellor Karl Nehammer.

That does n’t mean gas is vulnerable from the geopolitical pressures. Russia is flexing its profitable muscle and revenging to other warrants by cutting off or confining gas inventories to some European nations.
Russian state energy mammoth Gazprom said this week it’s halting the inflow of gas to Dutch dealer GasTerra and Denmark’s Oersted company and is also stopping shipments to Shell Energy Europe that were bound for Germany. Germany has other suppliers, and GasTerra and Oersted said they were prepared for a arrestment. Gazprom preliminarily stopped the inflow to Bulgaria, Poland and Finland.

“ Who’s coming? ” said Lucia van Geuns, an energy expert from The Hague Centre for Security Studies. She said the tightening of the net by Moscow could leave EU countries contending for gas inventories from other sources to fill up storehouse installations over the summer and to use coming downtime — a move that would probably drive up prices indeed further.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN FOR CONSUMERS?

In short Advanced prices. Amid enterprises about the ruinous war in Ukraine and moves to discipline Russia overrunning its neighbor, energy bills and gasoline prices have been high for months and governments have been cutting levies in a shot to spare their citizens.

Indeed so, energy consumers — that’s principally everybody who flicks a light switch, takes a shower, looks at their phone screen or fills their auto’s energy tank — are feeling the pinch and looking for ways to cut costs where they can.

As oil painting prices rose again Wednesday, drivers in the eastern Netherlands were crossing the border in droves to refuel in bordering Germany, where government duty cuts have made a liter of gasoline much cheaper than in the Netherlands. Dutch broadcaster NOS showed lines of buses with Dutch license plates staying outside German gasoline merchandisers.

WHAT DOES IT MEAN FOR RUSSIA?

Moscow is waging a monstrously precious war in Ukraine. oil painting and gas exports go a long way to standing the bill. Last time they reckoned for 45 of the civil budget, the International Energy Agency says.

Europe is Russia’s main energy client, and once the 27 countries have stopped using its inventories, they may not go back.
Short term, the oil painting ban will probably not hurt Russia too important amid high oil painting prices that mean Moscow can vend at a reduction to guests in Asia and still make a profit, said Chris Weafer, CEO atMacro-AdvisoryLtd., a consulting establishment. “ The fiscal pain for Russia presumably will come more coming time or over the coming couple of times if it still has to offer abatements, ” Weafer told the AP.

Van Geuns said Moscow’s decision to cut off gas to European guests also will probably hurt Russia in the long term “ because they’re going to lose a large customer and of course Europe is their biggest customer as far as gas is concerned. ”
WILL THIS quicken TRANSITION TO RENEWABLE SOURCES?

In the long term, presumably, but in the short term it could actually have the contrary effect. Some lawgivers in the Netherlands have formerly raised support for twiddling up affair from the country’s remaining coal- fired power stations, which are being phased out in an attempt to rein in carbon emigrations, so that consumption by gas- fired power stations can be reduced.
Mads Flarup Christensen, clerk- general of Greenpeace Norden, prompted the EU to alleviate the goods of the oil painting warrants by using lower oil painting.

still, also there must be immediate reductions in our oil painting consumption, ” Christensen said, “ If the ban is to have the maximum effect on Putin’s war and on the climate extremity. “ It’ll bear changes in the way we transport ourselves, similar as a ban on short- haul routes, lower motorway pets and cheaper public transport. ”

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